eric of pomerania

Upon the death in 1412 of Queen Regnant Margaret the Great, who was his great aunt and had adopted him, Eric ruled the three kingdoms himself. Almost the whole of Eric’s sole rule was affected by his long-standing conflict with the Counts of Schauenburg and Holstein. In 1456, Eric took over … He was delivered by his mother Maria Niklotovic/Nikloting (of the Meklemburg) in his father’s castle in Darłowo on the coast of the Baltic Sea. in Darłowo in Pomerania. It took until 1395 for Margaret to force Albert's supporters out of Stockholm. Negatively, he seems to have had a hot temper, a lack of diplomatic sense, and an obstinacy that bordered on mulishness. In 1389 he was brought to Denmark to be brought up by Queen Margaret. They were put into chains and sent by Queen Margaret to Scania, where Albert was imprisoned in Lindholmen Castle. Thank You for bidding! Eric of Pomerania was forced to step down from the throne and in 1440 Christopher of Bavaria, was elected king of Sweden, Norway and Denmark. Referring to Eric of Pomerania as King Eric XIII of Sweden[2] is a later invention, counting backwards from Eric XIV (1560–1568), who adopted his numeral according to a fictitious history of Sweden. Christopher, his successor, died in 1448, long before Eric himself. He was the first King of the Nordic Kalmar Union, succeeding his adoptive mother Margaret I of Denmark. DENMARK, ERIC OF POMERANIA (1396–1439) STERLING, LUND Each additional item (coin,banknote,badge,postcard,stamp, etc.) Also, Eric I arranged the Lauenburg-Bütow Land at the Pomerelian border to be granted by the Polish king to Eric II on 3 January 1455 as a reward for aiding Poland in her struggles with the Teutonic Knights. He may have been crowned King of Norway in Oslo in 1392, but this is disputed. He was 14 when he married his 12-year-old English wife, Princess Philippa, and just 15 when he was crowned as sovereign king in the ancient town of Kalmar, Rikets Nyekel –the key of the kingdom. With his wife, he had nine children: https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Eric_II,_Duke_of_Pomerania&oldid=951142727, Medieval nobility of the Holy Roman Empire, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 15 April 2020, at 18:25. He was the first King of the Nordic Kalmar Union, succeeding his adoptive mother Margaret I of Denmark. Albert and his son Erik were captured when their horses became mired in mud so deep they could not escape. She made provisions for the three kingdoms in the event of her death. Get the best deals on Eric of Pomerania (1396-1439), shop the largest numismatic marketplace at MA-Shops.com King Eirik III of Pomerania (a.k.a. Just a year later, the Norwegians proclaimed Margaret the "reigning queen" and Albert of Sweden fought off an incursion from Norway. A few decades after the uneasy union of Norway and Sweden in 1319 and the subsequent split, Eric of Pomerania united back the crowns, along with Denmark's. King Eric was described by the future Pope Pius II as having "a beautiful body, reddish yellow hair, a ruddy face and a long narrow neck ... alone, without assistance and without touching the stirrups, he jumped upon a horse, and all women were drawn to him, especially the Empress, in a feeling of longing for love".[5]. His maternal grandparents were Henry III, Duke of Mecklenburg and Ingeborg of Denmark, Duchess of Mecklenburg. Grolier Inc. 1999. as Eric I. Eric II or Erich II, of the House of Pomerania (Griffins), (* between 1418 and 1425, † 1474), was Duke of Pomerania-Wolgast from 1457 to 1474. Sweden soon split again. He pawned the area north of the Brandenburgian Uckermark to Hohenzollern margrave Frederick II and in return became assured of military protection against his brother. Her maternal grandparents were Eric II, Duke of Schleswig (reigned 1312–1325) and Adelaide of Holstein-Rendsburg.[3]. He was the first King of the Nordic Kalmar Union, succeeding his adoptive mother Margaret I of Denmark. He was buried in Eldena Abbey near Greifswald and was succeeded by his son Bogislaw X. Eric II married Sophia of Pomerania-Stolp. Eric of Pomerania KG (1381 or 1382 – 3 May 1459) was King Eric (Eirik) III of Norway (1389–1442), King Eric VII of Denmark (1396–1439), and King Eric (Ericus) [1] of Sweden (1396–1439; known there in history mainly as Erik av Pommern). Aware that he would not withstand Brandenburg without allies, Eric sought to settle the conflict by allying with Poland and in 1470 invaded the Brandenburg Neumark. ", https://military.wikia.org/wiki/Eric_of_Pomerania?oldid=4375639. His mother the Dowager Queen of Norway had added the phrase "the true heir of Sweden" to Boguslaw's list of titles at his coronation. Arte Johnson (a.k.a. The nobles, including his former supporter Bo Jonsson Grip, Sweden's largest landowner who controlled a third of the entirety of the Swedish territory and had the largest non-royal wealth in the country, soon conspired to get rid of him, resenting his attempts to restrict the traditional privileges of the nobility, as well as his use of German officials to fill important administrative positions in the Swedish provinces. Eric of Pomerania was no more than six at the time when he was bestowed as the future king by Margaret. The double wedding did not come off, but Eric's wedding to Philippa was successfully negotiated. Notable ancestors includeHenry II of England (1133-1189), William I of England (1027-1087), Charlemagne … But with the King isolated in Gotland, the Norwegian nobility also felt compelled to depose him in 1440. Born Boguslaw, the son of Polish Duke of Pomerania Wartislaw VII and Mary of Mecklenburg-Schwerin, Eric's paternal grandparents were Boguslaw V, Duke of Pomerania and his second wife Adelheid of Brunswick-Grubenhagen. In Norway, a peasant rebellion led by Amund Sigurdsson (1400–1465), rebelled against King Erik and his officials, besieging Oslo and Akershus Castle. Eric of Pomerania was King Eric III of Norway (1389–1442) Norwegian Eirik, King Eric VII of Denmark (1396–1439), and King of Sweden (1396–1439) known there mainly as Erik av Pommern. His respite was temporary — the Swedish nobility soon enlisted the Danish regent's help to remove Albert from the Swedish throne. In 1456, Eric took over Maszewo Land in Farther Pomerania, despite Wassow being not included in his share of Pomerania. We would also like to celebrate that we have now over 10300 followers on Facebook The belt is tablet woven in silk and gilded silver. is free for shipping. In 1451, Wartislaw IX arranged his son's marriage to Sophia, daughter of Bogislaw IX of Pomerania-Stolp and heiress of Eric I of Pomerania-Stolp, who had also been king of the Kalmar Union. From 1449–59, Eric succeeded Bogislaw IX, as Duke of Pomerania and ruled Pomerania-Rügenwalde, a small partition of the Duchy of Pomerania-Stolp (Polish: Księstwo Słupskie),[6] as Eric I. Queen Margaret led a consistent foreign policy of not getting entangled in binding alliances and foreign wars. He had to yield to the demands of both the Holsteiners and the Hanseatic League. Mecklenburg's Duke Henry took a mediator role and the Mecklenburgian army moved eastward following the Tollense River, a Brandenburgian army advanced to the North from the Uckermark following the Randow River. The marriage of these distant relatives granted Eric II access to Eric I's lands in Farther Pomerania. After the death of his father, Wartislaw IX, later in 1457, Eric received Pomerania-Wolgast together with his younger brother, Wartislaw X. He was the son of Wartislaw IX of Pomerania-Wolgast and Sophia, daughter of Eric IV of Saxe-Lauenburg. Christopher, his successor, died in 1448, long before Eric himself. Greifswald's mayor Heinrich Rubenow led the burghers of Greifswald and Stralsund in an attempt to arrest Eric. For ten years Erik lived on Gotland and made his living by piracy against the merchant trade in the Baltic. Perhaps Eric's most far-ranging act was the introduction of the Sound Dues (Øresundtolden) in 1429, which was to last until 1857. The result was a devastating war that not only ended without conquests but also led to the loss of the South Jutlandic areas that he had already obtained. From contemporary sources, Eric appears as intelligent, visionary, energetic and a firm character. Although the burghers captured his guards, Eric managed to escape. Greifen von Pommern-Wolgast, Duke of Pomerania-Wolgast, was born circa1425 to Wartislaw IX. When the Danish nobility opposed his rule and refused to ratify his choice of Bogislaw IX, Duke of Pomerania as the next King of Denmark, he left Denmark and settled at his castle Visborg in Gotland, apparently a kind of a “royal strike” which led to his deposition by the National Councils of Denmark and Sweden in 1439. In the 12th century, Poland, the Holy Roman Empire's Duchy of Saxony and Denmark conquered Pomerania, ending the tribal era. Thank You for bidding! The lands of Pomerania were firstly ruled by local tribes, who settled in Pomerania around the 10th and 11th centuries. Going back into prehistory, it is not known how many Swedish monarchs were named Eric before this one (at least six were), so it would be speculative to try to affix a mathematically accurate one here. Erik VII, also called Erik of Pomerania, Danish Erik af Pommern, Swedish and Norwegian Erik av Pommern, (born c. 1381, Pomerania—died c. June 1459, Rügenwalde, Pomerania [now Darłowo, Poland]), king of the united realms of Denmark, Norway (as Erik III), and Sweden (as Erik XIII) from 1397 to 1439; his autocratic rule and foreign wars eventually lost him the throne in all three of his dominions. Eric (XIII) or Eric of Pomerania (the Pomeranian), in Swedish Erik av Pommern, was a Polish prince who lived 1382-1459 and became King of Norway as Eric III 1389-1442 and King of Denmark and Sweden 1396-1439, in Denmark as Eric VII. On 8 September 1389, he was hailed as King of Norway at the Ting in Trondheim. After he had been deposed as king in Sweden and Denmark, the Norwegian Riksrådremained loyal to him, and wanted him to remain king of Norway only. He tried to regain South Jutland (Schleswig) which Margaret had been winning but he chose a policy of warfare instead of negotiations. He reputedly refused the offer. To him Eric handed over Gotland in return for the permission to leave for Pomerania. The wedding was accompanied by a purely defensive alliance with England. Young Boguslaw was the grandson of Margaret's sister. In 1389, Albert's forces were defeated at the Battle of Falköping in Västergötland. In 1388, several of the Swedish nobles wrote secretly to Margaret telling her that if she could rid them of Albert, they would make her Regent. In 1440, Eric, having been deposed in Denmark and Sweden, was succeeded by his nephew, Christopher of Bavaria, who had been chosen for the thrones. He was the son of Warcisław VII, the Duke of Pomerania. In further disrespect of the city's rights he ordered local peasants to aid him. Seller assumes all responsibility for this listing. His name was changed to the more Nordic-sounding Erik. After the abdication, the Swedish nobles, led by Bo Jonsson (Grip), had invited Count Albert of Mecklenburg to take the Swedish throne. He married Sophia von Pommern (c1435-1497) 1451 JL . Erich II. The next monarch (reigned 1448–81) was Eric's kinsman, Christian I of Denmark, who was the son of Eric's earlier rival, Count Theodoric of Oldenburg. The Brandenburgers had their longtime claims to Pomerania re-verified by emperor Frederick III. However the contract was not fulfilled and it came to military intervention. That he was also a charming and well-spoken man of the world was shown by a great European tour of the 1420s. After he had been deposed as king in Sweden and Denmark, the Norwegian Riksråd remained loyal to him, and wanted him to remain king of Norway only. In 1464, Eric's cousin Otto III of Pomerania-Stettin died of the Black Death, leaving both Eric and Wartislaw as well as Brandenburg's Frederick II with claims for inheritance. This led to conflicts with Otto III, Duke of Pomerania-Stettin and even Eric I. He was the first King of the Nordic Kalmar Union, succeeding his adoptive mother Margaret I of Denmark. Amer., 1983: v. 10, p. 547 (Eric of Pomerania, 1381-1459. Eric II or Erich II (between 1418 and 1425 – 5 July 1474) was a member of the House of Pomerania (also known as the House of Griffins) and was the ruling Duke of Pomerania-Wolgast from 1457 to 1474. Notable Actors and Actresses: 15 actors, 1 actor/comedian. Eric of Pomerania was born as Bogusław of the House of Griffins on 11th of June 1382 A.D. It showed his interest in Danish trade and naval power, but also permanently challenged the other Baltic powers, especially the Hanseatic cities against which he also fought. Yet, by now he was not only opposed by his co-ruling Pomeranian dukes, but also by the Pomeranian cities. The belt of Eric of Pomerania. In 1440, Eric, having been deposed in Denmark and Sweden, was succeeded by his nephew, Christopher of Bavaria, who had been chosen for the thrones. Eric was born in 1382 in Rügenwalde (Darłowo). found: Enc. In 1402, Queen Margaret entered into negotiations with King Henry IV of England about the possibility of an alliance between the Kingdom of England and the Nordic union. On 2 August 1387, Olav Håkonsson, King of Denmark since he was five years old and King of Norway since the death of his father, died unexpectedly at seventeen years of age. Eventually he returned to Pomerania, where he died in 1459. He belonged to the Griffin Dynasty and reigned for 43 years. Margaret lost no time and sent an army into Sweden to attack Albert while the Swedish nobles raised their own army to drive him out of the country. She wanted the kingdoms to be unified and peaceful and hence, chose the son of her father's surviving granddaughter, Boguslaw, to be named heir. He was to be their great king. The next monarch (reigned 1448–81) was Eric's kinsman, Christian I of Denmark, who was the son of Eric's earlie… von Pommern (c1400-1457) and Sophie von Sachsen-Lauenburg (c1395-1462) and died 5 July 1474 inWolgast of unspecified causes. In 1451, Wartislaw IX arranged his son's marriage to Sophia, daughter of Bogislaw IX of Pomerania-Stolp and heiress of Eric I of Pomerania-Stolp, who had also been king of the Kalmar Union. The marriage of these distant relatives granted Eric II access to Eric I's lands in Farther Pomerania. Eric of Pomerania KG (1381 or 1382 – 3 May 1459) was King Eric (Eirik) III of Norway (1389–1442), King Eric VII of Denmark (1396–1439), and King Eric (Ericus)[1] of Sweden (1396–1439; known there in history mainly as Erik av Pommern). From 1449–59, Eric succeeded Bogislaw IX, as Duke of Pomerania and ruled Pomerania-Rügenwalde, a small partition of the Duchy of Pomerania-Stolp (Polish: Księstwo Słupskie), The Encyclopedia Americana. Their son Albert was a rival of Olaf Haakonsson in regard to the Danish succession in 1375. The project "involves extracting and analysing detailed information from primary sources, including contemporary chronicles, cartularies, necrologies and testaments. She therefore rejected the English proposals. The statement is difficult to agree or disagree with because it is tied to a historical past when trade and trade routes were controlled by kings helping them earn revenues for themselves and their kingdoms. During this war he showed much energy and steadiness, but also a remarkable lack of adroitness. A contemporary picture of Eric. King of Scandinavia. The long war was a strain on the Danish economy as well as on the unity of the north. He was Eric VII of Denmark, Eric III of Norway and has been counted as Eric XIII of Sweden, but never numbered himself that way. On 17 June 1397, he was crowned a king of the three Nordic countries in the cathedral of Kalmar. The emperor ordered Erich II and Wartislaw X to recognize the suzerainty of Brandenburg. Come the 1420s, the Danish monarch was Eric of Pomerania, a handsome and headstrong king.He would come to blows with Hanse cities over the Duchy of Schleswig.. Schleswig is the “neck” of Denmark’s Jutland peninsula. In 1434 the farmers and mine workers of Sweden began a national and social rebellion which was soon used by the Swedish nobility in order to weaken the power of the king. Brandenburg was again granted the right of inheritance of Pomerania upon the extinction of the House of Pomerania. Ingeborg was a daughter of Valdemar IV of Denmark and his Queen consort Heilwig of Schleswig. Another important event was his making Copenhagen a royal possession in 1417, thereby assuring its status as the capital of Denmark. Upon Eric I's death, in 1459 Eric II gained Pomerania-Stolp and Pomerania-Rügenwalde due to the claims of his wife. Eric of Pomerania with Margaret I of Denmark at his coronation. Eric of Pomerania turned pirate after he was a king: is it better to be a pirate than the ruler of Sweden. In August 1457, Eric was hunting in the forests near Horst, belonging not to his lands, but to the Hanseatic city of Greifswald. The English side wanted these weddings to seal an offensive alliance between the Nordic kingdoms and England, which could have led to the involvement of the Nordic union on the English side in the ongoing Hundred Years' War against the Kingdom of France. However, when Albert attempted to introduce reduction of their large estates, they quickly turned against him. In 1466 Eric II and Wartislaw X were granted liens by the elector of Brandenburg at Soldin. Because Eric did not respect Wartislaw X's rights as a co-ruler, Wartislaw sought for an alliance with the Margraviate of Brandenburg on 6 September 1459 in Angermünde. He had already nominally been King of Sweden for … He was the son of Wartislaw IX of Pomerania-Wolgast and Sophia of Saxe-Lauenburg (d. 1462, daughter of Eric IV of Saxe-Lauenburg). Shipping and handling. The proposal was for a double wedding, whereby Eric would marry Henry's daughter, Philippa, and Henry's son, the Prince of Wales and future King Henry V, would marry Eric's sister, Katarzyna. In 1424, a verdict of the Holy Roman Empire by Sigismund, King of Germany, recognising Eric as the legal ruler of South Jutland, was ignored by the Holsteiners. The Norwegian nobility remained loyal to King Erik, and in 1439 he gave Sigurd Jonsson the title of drottsete, under which he was to rule Norway in King Erik's name. Even though the Pomeranian cities were able to mediate negotiations between the dukes which led to a compromise on 16 January 1457 at Rügenwalde, Eric lost the support of the other Pomeranian dukes with this action. DENMARK, ERIC OF POMERANIA (1396–1439) COPPER STERLING Each additional item (coin,banknote,badge,postcard,stamp, etc.) He reputedly refused the offer. Shipping and handling. Initially named Boguslaw, he was son to the only surviving granddaughter of Valdemar IV of Denmark and also a descendant of Magnus III of Sweden and Haakon V of Norway. [citation needed]. [4] After Philippa's death in 1430, he replaced her with her former lady in waiting Cecilia. Also, Eric I arranged the Lauenburg-Bütow Land at the Pomerelian border to be granted by the Polish king to Eric II on January 3, 1455, as a reward for aiding Poland in her struggles with the Teutonic Knights. He was the son of Wartislaw IX of Pomerania-Wolgast and Sophia, daughter of Eric IV of Saxe-Lauenburg. Queen Margaret, however, remained the de facto ruler of the three kingdoms until her death in 1412. Royal seal of Eric of Pomerania (1398) depicting: (Centre): a lion rampant crowned maintaining an axe (representing Norway) within an inescutcheon upon a cross over all; Quarterly: in Dexter Chief, three lions passant in pale crowned and maintaining a Danebrog upon a semy of hearts (representing Denmark); in Sinister Chief: three crowns (representing Sweden or the Kalmar Union); in Dexter Base: a lion rampant (Folkung lion) (representing Sweden); and in Sinister Base: a griffin segreant to sinister (representing Pomerania). During the 1430s the policy of the king fell apart. Boguslaw's claim to the Swedish throne came through his great-granduncle, Magnus IV of Sweden, who was forced to abdicate by the Swedish nobles. Eric II or Erich II (between 1418 and 1425 – 5 July 1474) was a member of the House of Pomerania (also known as the House of Griffins) and was the ruling Duke of Pomerania-Wolgast from 1457 to 1474. About Erik av Pommern of Pomerania, King of Denmark and Norway (Svenska) Erik av Pommern, oegentligt Erik XIII (c.1382-1459) var 1396–1439 (med två avbrott) kung av Sverige, som Erik III kung av Norge 1389–1442 samt som Erik VII kung av Danmark 1396–1439. At the same time, a union treaty was drafted, declaring the establishment of what has become known as the Kalmar Union. They split the duchy with Wartislaw X receiving the principality of Rügen (with Rügen, Barth, Tribsees and Grimmen) while Eric received the eastern parts. Eric of Pomerania KG (1381 or 1382 – 3 May 1459) was King Eric (Eirik) III of Norway (1389–1442), King Eric VII of Denmark (1396–1439), and King Eric (Ericus) of Sweden (1396–1439; known there in history mainly as Erik av Pommern). Name: Eric of Pomerania, King of Denmark, Sweden and Norway, the Wends and the Goths, Duke of Pomerania (Born Bogislav of Pomerania). Christopher of Bavaria was the son of Johann, Count Palatine of Neumarkt (1383–1443) and Catherine of Pomerania (c. 1390–1426). found: Wikipedia website, 19 January 2015: Philippa of England (4 June 1394 - 5 January 1430, also known as Philippa of Lancaster, she was the Queen of Denmark, Sweden and Norway from 1406-1430, she was the consort to Eric of Pomerania who ruled three kingdoms, she was daughter of Henry Bolingbroke and his wife Mary de Bohun) He died in 1459 at Darłowo (German:Rügenwalde) Castle and is buried in Church of St. Mary's [7], Eric's full title was: King of Denmark, Sweden and Norway, the Wends and the Goths, Duke of Pomerania[8], 18th century monument in Landskrona inscription states that the town was founded by king Erik XIII in 1413, Gyldendal og Politikens Danmarkshistorie, book 6, 1400 – 1500, by Troels Dahlerup, Articles with unsourced statements from April 2014, Articles incorporating text from Wikipedia, Ingeborg of Denmark, Duchess of Mecklenburg, His listing in "Medieval lands" by Charles Cawley. 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